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  • Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland

     

  • POLISH COMMITMENT TO OPERATIONS AND MISSIONS

  • Poland contributes to NATO operations and missions since 1996. It took particularly active role in operation ISAF in Afghanistan (2004-2014), in art. 5 maritime operation Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean Sea (2005-2011) and in NATO crisis management operations, i.a. IFOR and SFOR in Bosnia and Hercegovina (1996-2004), AFOR in Albania (1996), Amber Fox and Allied Harmony in Macedonia (2001-2003), as well as in training missions: NTM-I in Iraq (2005-2006), NTM-A in Afghanistan (2009-2014) and in humanitarian mission Swift Relief in Pakistan (2005-2006).

     

     

    Currently NATO is involved in Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan (since 2015), stabilization mission in KFOR in Kosovo (since 1999), maritime operation Sea Guardian in the Mediterranean Sea (since 2016) and air policing missions. NATO supports also peace missions conducted by the African Union (i.a. since 2007 AU’s mission in Somalia – AMISOM). Since February 2016, NATO is contributing to international efforts to stem illegal trafficking and illegal migration in the Aegean Sea, through intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance in the Aegean Sea and at the Turkish-Syrian border.

     

    Read more about Poland's contribution to ISAF

     

    Read more about NATO's operations and missions

     

    In addition to Poland's contribution to the current NATO operations and missions (see below), Poland is  contributing its forces also to the European Union missions (EUFOR/MTT, EUTM/RCA) and to the Global Coalition against Daesh (Operation Inherent Resolve).

     

    1. Baltic Air Policing

     

    Since Russia’s illegal military intervention in Ukraine in 2014, NATO has been taking extra reassurance measures for its Allies. Among these is the boosting of NATO’s air policing missions. Air policing missions are collective peacetime missions that enable NATO to detect, track and identify all violations and infringements of its airspace and to take appropriate action. Allied fighter jets patrol the airspace of Allies who do not have fighter jets of their own. NATO has deployed additional aircraft to reinforce missions over Albania and Slovenia, as well as the Baltic region where NATO F-16s have intercepted Russian aircraft repeatedly violating Allied airspace.

     

    Poland contributed its forces to Baltic Air Policing in 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2015.

     
     
    Fot. st. chor. mar. A.Dwulatek COMBAT CAMERA DO RSZ
     
     
     

    2. Resolute Support Mission

     

    Following the completion of the mission of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at the end of 2014, a new, follow-on, NATO-led mission called Resolute Support was launched on 1 January 2015 to provide further training, advice and assistance for the Afghan security forces and institutions. At the NATO Summit in Warsaw, Allied leaders decided to extend the presence of RSM beyond 2016.

     

    The current Fifth Rotation of the Polish Military Contingent (PMC) as part of the Resolute Support Mission is under the command of Colonel Marek Rakowski. The PMC consists of about 200 soldiers, mainly from the units that are part of the1st Warsaw Mechanized Brigade. The main components of the PMC are located in the following places: Kabul (national staff dedicated to the mission command structure and strategic-level advisers), Bagram (command of the PMC, along with support and security elements), Gamberi (personnel dedicated to one-off assignments and training), and Kandahar.

     

     

    Fot. st. chor. mar. A.Dwulatek COMBAT CAMERA DO RSZ

     

     

    3. KFOR

     

    Having first entered Kosovo in June 1999 to end widespread violence and halt the humanitarian disaster, KFOR troops continue to maintain a strong presence throughout the territory.

     

    Today, approximately 4,500 Allied and partner troops operate in Kosovo as part of NATO’s Kosovo Force (KFOR).

     

    The Polish Military Contingent as part of KFOR consists of about 230 troops.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Fot. st. chor. W. Młynarczyk, DO RSZ

     

     

    4. Operation Sea Guardian

     

    In the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, NATO immediately began to take measures to expand the options available to counter the threat of international terrorism.  In 2001, it launched the maritime surveillance Operation Active Endeavour, focused on detecting and deterring terrorist activity in the Mediterranean. The operation was terminated in October 2016 and was succeeded by Sea Guardian, a flexible maritime operation able to perform the full range of maritime security operations tasks. Poland regularly contributed to the Operation Active Endeavour with the following vessels: submarine ORP "Bielik" (2005, 2006/2007, 2010/2011), frigate ORP "Gen. Kazimierz Pułaski" (2006, 2008), submarine ORP "Kondor" (2008, 2009) and frigate ORP "Kontradmirał Xavery Czernicki" (2011).

     

     

    Fot. st. chor. mar. A.Dwulatek COMBAT CAMERA DO RSZ

     

     

    5. Standing Naval Forces

     

    NATO has Standing Naval Forces (SNF) that provide the Alliance with a continuous naval presence. This multinational deterrent force constitutes an essential maritime requirement for the Alliance. It carries out a programme of scheduled exercises, manoeuvres and port visits, and can be rapidly deployed in times of crisis or tension.

     

    NATO’s SNFs consist of four groups: the Standing NATO Maritime Groups (SNMGs) composed of SNMG1 and SNMG2; and the Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Groups (SNMCMG1 and SNMCMG2). All four Groups are integrated into the NATO Response Force (NRF), the Alliance’s rapid-reaction force.

     

    NATO defence ministers decided on 11 February 2016 to assist with the growing refugee and migrant crisis in Europe. NATO has deployed NATO's Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2) in the Aegean. It is conducting reconnaissance, monitoring and surveillance of illegal crossings in the territorial waters of Greece and Turkey, as well as in international waters with its maritime and air assets.

     

    Poland commanded twice SNMCMG1 (last time in 2013). In January 2017 Poland assumed command of SNMCMG2 in the Mediterranean, Black and Aegean Seas. The flag ship of SNMCMG2 is currently ORP "Kontradmirał Xavery Czernicki".

     

    In July and August 2016, Polish frigate ORP "Gen. Tadeusz Kościuszko" with 200 troops on board contributed to the NATO activity in the Aegean Sea.

     

    Fot. st. chor. sztab. A. Roik, COMBAT CAMERA DO RSZ

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